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Machined surface generation using wavelet filtering

Jae-Yong Yang, Moon-Chul Yoon*
The Journal of Mechanical Science and Technology, vol. 25, no. 3, pp.639-645, 2011

Abstract : The surface geometry of a workpiece after machining is a major concern in the industry. Thus, it is important to generate its geometry, reconfiguring and modifying it by a wavelet-based filtering technique with confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM). This technique is well-suited to construct the three-dimensional surface of a machined workpiece. The problem of noise on the surface always occurs when treating the raw height data (HEI: Height Encoded Image) acquired by CLSM. The noise occurs in constructing the surface height image (HEI) due to an electronic and photographic image process and must be filtered. In this paper, a wavelet-based filtering algorithm is used to eliminate noise in the shape features of the surface on a micro scale so as to realize an accurate geometry for further topographic analysis. The filtered surface patterns enable us to predict the machined surface and analyze surface characteristics in varied shapes of different levels. Also, to consider the tilting that inevitably occurs in mounting a specimen on the table, the surface is compensated and flattened in the x and y-directions simultaneously. This newly developed technique combines CLSM and wavelet filtering generates various micro machined surfaces over a wide range of surface resolutions on a micro scale.

Keyword : Confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM); Machined surface; Tilting compensation; Wavelet filtering

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